Industry Dialogue

Strategy Document - Industry Dialogue

Without robust answers to how hydrogen bus technology performance and costs will evolve, hydrogen bus adopters may be not able to provide the substantial investment required to support hydrogen buses throughout their pre-commercialisation phase.
In order to address this problem, the Hydrogen Bus Alliance initiated a dialogue with the hydrogen bus and infrastructure industry in order to gather information on technology readiness, performance and costs.

The results of this effort are synthetized in the HBA first publication, the “Strategy for 2010–2015 Alliance activities on hydrogen fuelled public transit buses”.

The document sets out Alliance’s strategy towards hydrogen bus commercialisation in the period 2008 to 2015 by analysing Alliance members’ requirements against the economic implications of the responses of over 20 major players in the hydrogen bus and fuelling infrastructure industries.

“Strategy for 2010–2015 Alliance activities on hydrogen fuelled public transit buses”


“Strategy for 2010–2015 Alliance activities on hydrogen fuelled public transit buses” - Document
pdf, 790.5K, 03/23/09, 332 downloads

The Hydrogen Bus Alliance wish to enter a dialogue with the hydrogen bus and infrastructure industries to inform their strategy towards hydrogen bus commercialisation, in the period 2010 to 2015.

Mapping the Route to Commercialisation:
An invitation to the hydrogen bus and hydrogen refuelling industries to input into a strategy for the commercialisation of hydrogen bus technology

A number of international cities and regions with large bus fleets formed the Hydrogen Bus Alliance on 6 October 2006. These cities and regions represent leading adopters of new bus technologies on their respective continents and plan to act as leaders in the move to cleaner fuels for urban public transit. At present, the Alliance represents a cumulative fleet of over 12,000 buses and an average yearly purchase of over 1,200 city buses each year. A number of other cities and regions are keen to join the Alliance and we expect the size of the combined fleet
to grow accordingly.

The Alliance includes the public transit agencies from:

• Amsterdam (GVB)
• Barcelona (TNB)
• Berlin (BVG)
• British Columbia (BC Transit)
• Cologne (Regionalverkehr Köln)
• Hamburg (Hamburger Hochbahn)
• London (Transport for London)
• South Tyrol
• Western Australia (Public Transport Authority of Western

All of these cities and regions are characterised by high level political support for hydrogen bus deployment and active programmes to demonstrate new hydrogen buses by 2012. The Alliance members all intend to move towards procuring hydrogen buses on a continuous basis as hydrogen buses move towards
commercial viability in the 2010-2015 timescale.

The Alliance will act as the leading end-user base in the push for commercial hydrogen fuelled public transit. The Alliance will first demonstrate buses in their fleets in order to gain confidence in the technology and share the knowledge achieved amongst members and with the relevant industries. The demonstration phase will be followed by a deployment phase in which the cities and regions will deploy vehicles in partnership with the bus and refuelling supply industries, with a view to achieving sufficient volume to reduce cost to acceptable levels. The Alliance will strengthen customer acceptance for the technology and help
establish hydrogen as an energy carrier.

To date, the Alliance has focussed on sharing of information about each member’s demonstration activities. Each member will purchase and operate at least five new demonstration hydrogen vehicles in the period from 2008 to 2012 and the sharing of procurement and performance information has already been
invaluable. The demonstration projects are being carried out separately, with no attempt to coordinate procurement. In the future, the partners are determined to maximise the commercial benefit of their joint demand, including co-ordinated or joint procurement (of vehicles or components) when it is advantageous.
The Alliance is now developing its coordinated procurement plans for the period 2010 to 2015. One of the principle goals of the Alliance is to ensure that by the end of 2015 hydrogen buses can compete with diesel competitors in commercial fleet operations. This is believed plausible, based on initial discussions with 3
suppliers and publicly announced targets, such as the US DoE targets, the European Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Technology Platform Implementation Plan, the US National Fuel Cell Bus Program and supplier targets. The Alliance wishes to drive this process in its role as market leader, through leverage of international programs (e.g. the EC’s JTI) and by providing a forward commitment to procurement of hydrogen buses.
Early bus trials have demonstrated the technical feasibility of hydrogen buses for public transit. However, there are a number of technical and commercial requirements for hydrogen buses and associated refuelling infrastructure which must be met before the partners can make a major commitment to the technology in the 2010 to 2015 period.

Without robust answers to how hydrogen bus technology will evolve to meet these requirements, the partners will not be able to provide the substantial investment required to support hydrogen buses through this critical phase of their development.
This document sets out these requirements (which will be well known to their respective industries) and invites a dialogue with the hydrogen bus and refuelling infrastructure industries. The Alliance hopes that the various industries involved will be prepared to engage with us in defining how these requirements can be met and assist us in defining and then implementing a coherent strategy for the Alliance, leading to commercialisation in the 2010-2015 period. The reciprocal commitment from the Alliance is to publish the 2010-15 plans to those industry
partners who provide assistance and to then begin work on implementing the plan.

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